Open forms[ edit ] In contrast, a poet using free verse sometimes called " open form " [ citation needed ] seeks to find fresh and uniquely appropriate forms for each poem, letting the structure grow out of the poem's subject matter or inspiration. A common perception is that open form is easier and less rigorous than closed form Frost likened it to "playing tennis with the net down" but such is not necessarily the case skeptics should try playing tennis without a net: In the best open form poems, the poet achieves something that is inaccessible through closed form. Kennedy has said, "Should the poet succeed, then the discovered arrangement will seem exactly right for what the poem is saying"
Simile - contrasting to seemingly unalike things to enhance the meaning of a situation or theme using like or as What happens to a dream deferred, does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hyperbole - exaggeration I have a million things to do today. Personification - giving non-human objects human characteristics America has thrown her hat into the ring, and will be joining forces with the British.
Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech How do I love thee?
The iamb stumbles through my books; trochees rush and tumble; while anapest runs like a hurrying brook; dactyls are stately and classical. Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational taste, touch, smell etc or even physical response.
Suspense - The tension that the author uses to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown Conflict - Struggle between opposing forces. Exposition - Background information regarding the setting, characters, plot. Point of View - pertains to who tells the story and how it is told.
The point of view of a story can sometimes indirectly establish the author's intentions. Narrator - The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story. Second person - Narrator addresses the reader directly as though she is part of the story. Does not assume character's perspective and is not a character in the story.
The narrator reports on events and lets the reader supply the meaning. Omniscient - All-knowing narrator multiple perspectives. The narrator knows what each character is thinking and feeling, not just what they are doing throughout the story.
This type of narrator usually jumps around within the text, following one character for a few pages or chapters, and then switching to another character for a few pages, chapters, etc. Rhythm is the juxtaposition of stressed and unstressed beats in a poem, and is often used to give the reader a lens through which to move through the work.
See meter and foot Setting - the place or location of the action. The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters. It often can symbolize the emotional state of characters. Speaker - the person delivering the poem. Remember, a poem does not have to have a speaker, and the speaker and the poet are not necessarily one in the same.
Structure fiction - The way that the writer arranges the plot of a story. Repeated elements in action, gesture, dialogue, description, as well as shifts in direction, focus, time, place, etc.
Structure poetry - The pattern of organization of a poem. For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form. Symbolism - when an object is meant to be representative of something or an idea greater than the object itself.
Cross - representative of Christ or Christianity Bald Eagle - America or Patriotism Owl - wisdom or knowledge Yellow - implies cowardice or rot Tone - the implied attitude towards the subject of the poem.
Is it hopeful, pessimistic, dreary, worried? A poet conveys tone by combining all of the elements listed above to create a precise impression on the reader.
Different traditions and genres of poetry tend to use different meters, The strophe and antistrophe look at the subject from different, often conflicting, perspectives, with the epode moving to a higher level to either view or resolve the underlying issues.
His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary. No poem can be read in the same way, because the words mean something different to each of us. For this reason, many find poetry and elusive art form. However, the issue in understanding poetry lies in how you read poetry.
Grace Fleming has a masters in education and is an academic advisor, college enrollment counselor, and freelance writer on study skills. Updated September 27, Historical context is an important part of life and literature and without it, memories, stories and characters have less meaning.
What. In this subproblem the analysis found that two social life forms, large for-profit corporations and people, have conflicting goals. The high leverage point is correctness of goals for artificial life forms.
The message of poems about life and the state of affairs may be understood and are to be applied in our personal pfmlures.com this way, poetry teaches us the lessons about how to live life providing.