Introduction The error of conceiving capital punishment as a moral evil is pervasive in the Catholic Church today.
Arguments against the death penalty, as voiced by Catholics, have a common denominator, namely, the punishment is unchristian. The charge is most unusual because the Church perennially has defended the right of the State to put a criminal to death.
In effect the current anti-capital punishment sentiment accuses the Church of uncharitable behavior for two millennia because she has sanctioned the State's right to "carry the sword," as St. Paul puts it Romans I say "in effect" because in most cases the Church's traditional support of the death penalty is simply ignored.
In the following article, I will attempt to bring to evidence, by appealing to Scripture, tradition and reason, and stressing the insights of St.
Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant [Note: The defense of the death penalty will be clustered around three arguments against capital punishment in vogue among Catholics. I will state the objections to the death penalty in the form of propositions.
They should be recognizable to anyone even remotely acquainted with the subject of capital punishment. Modern man's rejection of capital punishment as morally wrong is indicative of his growing awareness of the dignity and value of human life.
Those who support the death penalty, on the other hand, treat human life irreverently. If we are to revere life we must revere all life, including the life of the criminal. Ironically, the death penalty is first sanctioned in Genesis 9: Recognition of the dignity, value and preciousness of man demands that the murderer be put to death.
Hand in hand with the recognition of the dignity and value of man is the conviction that only the punishment of death is commensurate with the crime. Conversely, the sacred writer implies that the failure to ratify capital punishment when a man is murdered bespeaks a lack of reverence for man as an image of God.
That man is made in the image of God is a gift of priceless value. Apropos of society's willingness to discard the death penalty, it is incontrovertible that such a desire cannot be adduced as indicative of an increased appreciation of the value of human life. On the contrary, the demand for the abolition of capital punishment is a sign of blindness, not appreciation; for the diabolical consequences of our irreverent attitude toward human life are myriad.
Since the Roe vs.
Wade decision, some 20 million babies have been murdered. Pornography in all its satanic forms permeates society. Suicide is a national plague. The many abuses in the realm of sex are omnipresent. Euthanasia is not without its proponents and practitioners. In light of this moral wasteland, the assertion that abolitionists witness to modern man's recognition of the value of life is preposterous.
What constitutes man as an image of God?The Argument of Capital Punishment - There not many issues in the criminal justice system that have caused more heated discussions and arguments as consistent and strong as that of the argument of capital punishment.
Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers although capital punishment can also be applied for treason, espionage, and other crimes.
Proponents of the death penalty say it is an important tool for preserving law and order, deters crime, and costs less than life imprisonment.
Kill the Death Penalty: 10 Arguments Against Capital Punishment due to legitimation, desensitization, and imitation. The death penalty makes society more dangerous by further increasing violence through the brutalization effect. (the young and people of color are much less likely to support the death penalty) are all leading .
Morally, it is a continuation of the cycle of violence and “ degrades all who are involved in its enforcement, as well as its victim.”(Stewart 1) Perhaps the most frequent argument for capital punishment is that of deterrence. Start studying Contemporary Moral Issues Set 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Utilitarianism sometimes requires us to commit serious injustices 3) Utilitarianism isn't therefore the correct moral theory. Primoratz's Argument (Capital Punishment) 1) Justice requires that criminals be. Utilitarian Argument on Capital Punishment Introduction Capital punishment is a form of punishment in the legal justice system that entail deliberate actions directed towards taking the life of a person found guilty of a capital offense (The Guardian, ).In the United States, capital offenses include; first degree murder, treason, espionage, and murder during a robbery among pfmlures.com