If books can be had much cheaper from Ireland which I believe, for I bought Blackstone there for 24s. In transactions of trade, it is not to be suppos'd that like gaming, what one party gains the other must necessarily lose. The gain to each may be equal. If A had more corn than he can consume, but wants cattle, and B has more cattle but wants corn, an exchange is a gain to each; hereby the common stock of comforts in life is increas'd.
Aristotle strongly believed that the middle class have a powerful role to play in the state. Aristotle was a conservative or a traditional philosopher, who never felt the need to change the existing system.
He, however, attempted to rationalize and channelize the existing conditions. He believed in maintaining status quo. As regards the issue of citizenship, in ancient Greece, especially in Athens, citizenship was given to only the privileged class or, in other words, it was their monopoly of the upper class.
Aristotle citizenship essay monopoly was hereditary in nature, and according to Aristotle, the monopoly entitles a person to be a part of political, judicial and deliberative matters. Aristotle denied citizenship to foreigners, slaves and women and other manual and menial workers.
This is because he opined that the above-mentioned sections of the people do not have moral and intellectual excellence to be able to serve as a member of popular assembly. He further opined that nature did not favor them for enjoying the political wisdom of politics.
Moreover, these classes could not afford leisure and sufficient economic or mental development, which were considered the prerequisites of citizenship.
To acquire citizenship, Aristotle prescribed certain qualities like residence, right of suing and being sued and descent from a citizen. Apart from the above qualities, a person should be competent enough to participate in judicial and deliberative functions and also the capacity to rule and be ruled.
One who lacked these qualities could not be a complete and good citizen. Good Citizen and Good Man: According to Aristotle, a good citizen and a good man must work towards not only the welfare of the state, but also perform various other duties.
According to Jewett, a good citizen may not be a good man; a good citizen is one who does good services to the state and this state may be bad in principle. In a constitutional state, a good citizen should know how to rule as well how to obey.
The good man is one who is fit to rule. But the citizen in a constitutional state learns to rule by obeying orders. Therefore, citizenship in such a state is a moral training. Like the founders of the American Republic, he would severely exclude the property-less masses a share in the government and would, with equal severity, hammer down the privileges and immunities of the rich.AP’s high school United States History course is a rigorous, college-level class that provides an opportunity to gain skills colleges recognize.
- Aristotle’s Politics - The Good Man Should Not Rule the City Aristotle contends that the good man is dissimilar to the good citizen in ways he goes a great length to illustrate.
Aristotle and Citizenship Owing to the limitations of his time, Aristotle espoused a very restricted view of citizenship.
In fairness to him, he merely mirrored the verity of the period in which he lived. The defect in his concept stemmed from his failure to look farther into the horizon, to predict a future world.
According to Aristotle, a citizen is a person who participates in the administration of justice and in legislation, as a member of the deliberative Assembly. A person cannot claim status of citizenship exclusively on following grounds: 1.
Residence in a particular place. 2. Enjoyment on legal rights. T.H. Marshall’s seminal essay “Citizenship and Social Class” is the main reference for this model, which became progressively dominant in post-World War II liberal democracies.
The capacity for rational agency has long functioned as a threshold condition for citizenship. In Aristotle’s Politics, for example, the exclusion of women. " Following Aristotle's thoughts on the subject this essay will show what he thinks of citizenship, who (and who not) is eligible for citizenship, terms & conditions of citizenship and in conclusion I will form an opinion on Aristotle's points of view on this subject.3/5(5).