In —, Kuwait began sending significant financial loans to Iraq. Iran repeatedly targeted Kuwaiti oil tankers in and fired weapons at Kuwaiti security personnel stationed on Bubiyan island in By the time the Iran—Iraq War ended, Iraq was not in a financial position to repay the 14 billion USD it borrowed from Kuwait to finance its war and requested that Kuwait forgive the debt.
This week in history: July 30, 3: Comment Shutterstock On Aug. Hussein had become president of Iraq inthough he had been the power behind the scenes for many years prior. The Iranian Revolution was rooted in Islamic fundamentalism and rejected secular influences like capitalism, communism, nationalism and liberalism.
By contrast, Hussein was an Arab nationalist leader who paid lip service to Islam, but who held Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin as his role models.
Afraid that Islamic fundamentalism might spread to Iraq, and wishing to expand his power in the Middle East, Hussein ordered a surprise attack upon Iran in September The resulting Iran-Iraq War proved to be one of the most barbaric in modern history.
By contrast, the Iranians frequently used their soldiers as cannon fodder, even sending students into minefields to clear a path for their tanks. After years of strategic stalemate, the Iran-Iraq War ended in At leastIraqis had lost their lives, while abouthad been wounded and some 70, taken prisoner — an exorbitant price for a nation of 17 million people.
With the war ended, Iraq found itself heavily in debt to its fellow Arab states. With so much of its economy smashed by the war, Iraq could not meet its financial obligations during the agreed upon timetables.
For Hussein, this was an unacceptable slap in the face to a nation that had bled to protect the Arab states. This had been the case since the revolutions of had brought the East European communist regimes tumbling down. The general mood was euphoric. A brave new world was around the corner.
No minor disputes between Third World autocrats would be allowed to spoil this moment of celebration. With his preparations for an invasion of Kuwait in place, there was just one thing he had to know — what was the position of the United States? On July 25, U.
Hussein gave the ambassador a note to pass on to U. Even that would have amounted to an enormous violation of international law. Most likely believing that America was distracted with Europe and disinterested with the Middle East, Hussein decided to launch his attack upon Kuwait on August 2.
Fully mobilized, it numbered a million men, organized into 60 divisions, including 12 armored and mechanized.
Seven of the divisions belonged to the Republican Guard, better equipped and chosen for political reliability.
These, however, were only paper strengths; the coalition that eventually fought the Iraqi army identified only 43 divisions on the ground.
Compared to this massive force that, on paper, made the Iraqi military one of the largest on the planet, the Kuwaitis boasted an army of only 16, men. Decimating the Kuwaiti army, the Iraqis swiftly moved into the small nation.
The Gulf War began in January and ended with the Iraqi army largely vanquished and Kuwait liberated a few weeks later.
After the Allied invasion of Iraq, Hussein hid from the occupational authorities. Discovered in December of that year, he was eventually tried and executed by an Iraqi court for crimes against the Iraqi people in An avid player of board games, he blogs at thediscriminatinggamer.The ability for Saddam Hussein to pursue such military aggression was from a "military machine paid for in large part by the tens of billions of dollars Kuwait and the Gulf states had poured into Iraq and the weapons and technology provided by the Soviet Union, Germany, and France.".
May 31, · Watch video · Hussein refused to withdraw his forces from Kuwait, which he had established as a province of Iraq, and some , allied troops, primarily American, gathered in the Middle East to enforce the. Saddam states reasons for Kuwait invasion.
Saddam stated that after the war with Iran from , Iraq was trying to rebuild. Saddam likened the situation with Kuwait as similar to when two. On Aug.
2, , Iraq invaded its neighbor Kuwait, triggering a series of events that would culminate in the Gulf War. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ordered the . The American and Soviet governments are expected to issue a joint statement today condemning Iraq’s President, Saddam Hussein.
Responding to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, troops of the U.S. Jul 21, · In August , Saddam Hussein's army invaded Kuwait, sparking the Gulf War and the defeat of Iraq by the Western Allies.
Saddam has clung onto power despite the and international sanctions which.